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1st Edition of the AUB Media Summit on Climate Change: 6th - 7th May 2024, Nairobi-Kenya




THEME:

DISASTER RISK REDUCTION AND EFFECTIVE EARLY WARNING SYSTEM:

AFRICAN MEDIA SOLUTIONS

 

                    6th-7th May 2024

Venue: Hotel Boulevard, Nairobi, Kenya


Concept Note


The United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction, UNDRR notes that climate change, population growth, unsustainable consumption, biodiversity loss, ecological degradation, disease outbreaks, food insecurity, political instability and conflict, financial instability and inequality, are driving risk and increasing vulnerability in development and humanitarian contexts across the world.

The shifting nature of risk requires a transition from treating hazards in isolation to recognizing the systemic nature of risk, where shocks often cascade and compound in complex ways with broad social, fiscal, economic and environmental implications.



Disaster risk reduction

Disaster risk reduction is aimed at preventing new and reducing existing disaster risk and managing residual risk, all of which contribute to strengthening resilience and therefore to the achievement of sustainable development.

Disaster risk reduction is the policy objective of disaster risk management, and its goals and objectives are defined in disaster risk reduction strategies and plans.

A global, agreed policy of disaster risk reduction is set out in the United Nations endorsed Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, adopted in March 2015, whose expected outcome over the next 15 years is: “The substantial reduction of disaster risk and losses in lives, livelihoods and health and in the economic, physical, social, cultural and environmental assets of persons, businesses, communities and countries”.

 

 

Early warning systems

An integrated system of hazard monitoring, forecasting and prediction, disaster risk assessment, communication and preparedness activities systems and processes that enables individuals, communities, governments, businesses and others to take timely action to reduce disaster risks in advance of hazardous events.

Multi-hazard early warning systems address several hazards and/or impacts of similar or different type in contexts where hazardous events may occur alone, simultaneously, cascading or cumulatively over time, and taking into account the potential interrelated effects. A multi-hazard early warning system with the ability to warn of one or more hazards increases the efficiency and consistency of warnings through coordinated and compatible mechanisms and capacities, involving multiple disciplines for updated and accurate hazards identification and monitoring for multiple hazards.

Effective “end-to-end” and “people-centred” early warning systems may include four interrelated key elements:

(1) Disaster risk knowledge based on the systematic collection of data and disaster risk assessments;

(2) Detection, monitoring, analysis and forecasting of the hazards and possible consequences;

(3) Dissemination and communication, by an official source, of authoritative, timely, accurate and actionable warnings and associated information on likelihood and impact; and

(4) Preparedness at all levels to respond to the warnings received.

 

The need to involve Media in the process

The unprecedented reach and power of media has not been utilised fully in Disaster Risk Reduction.

The main reasons for that are that:

- Generally, media houses are reactive in their attitude to disasters. When there is a disaster, media outlets compete but very soon they move to other stories until the next disaster.

- In many countries, media practitioners are not prepared to fulfil their crucial role in the DRR process. They lack the knowledge and skills to report on the complex issue sof DRR and climate change adaptation. In short – the ‘messenger” is not ready.

- In many broadcasters’ programme schedules there is no place for specialized programmes that highlight DRR issues, showcase international and national solutions and good practices and engage and serve people on the crucial DRR issues that affect their lives and livelihoods.

It is for this reason that the UNDRR and the World Broadcasting Union (WBU) decided to launch in 2020, the Media Saving lives initiative Project.

The African Union of Broadcasting (AUB) under the WBU, has been working intensely with the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) over the last 4 years on mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction Coverage in the media in Africa within the framework of the World Broadcasting Union, WBU/UNDRR Media Saving Lives Initiative:

 

Its objectives are:

Overall Objective:

The overall objective of the project is to enhance broadcasters’ capacity to deliver timely and understandable Early Warnings and institutionalize DRR reporting in their programme schedules in order to educate audiences about disaster risk management and disaster prevention.

 

Main Objectives:

The project has three objectives:

 

STRENGTHEN the capacity of African broadcast media organizations to fulfil their role in the early warning chain of communications in their countries, so they can deliver timely, accurate and understandable early warning messages to wide audiences before, during and immediately after disasters.

EQUIP Radio and TV media outlets with the necessary disaster risk reduction and climate change skills, and knowledge about solutions, so they can disseminate disaster risk reduction solutions on broad range of topics such as floods, food, water security as well as educate people how to prepare to prevent natural hazards becoming disasters.

ENCOURAGE inter-regional collaboration between news production and documentary units to cover disaster risk reduction and adaptation issues and facilitate news exchange within and between the regions, so that a body of current, relevant programming content is available for syndication and sharing.

 

 

Expected Outcome:

- Engage at least 30 African broadcasting organizations in the project;

- Facilitate regular meetings/ updates between government agencies/Met Offices    and Broadcast Media Management;

 

- Integrate the media in National platforms for Disaster Risk Reduction;

- Enhance Climate Change and adaptation Production and documentaries units in broadcast

   media organizations;

 

- Foster sensitization on the local communities about climate change issues and disaster risk

  reduction through the production of creative and compelling news and programme contents.

 

 

Beneficiaries of the project

During the past four years, more than 1 000 media practitioners from 33 African broadcasting organizations have been trained.


Country

Broadcasting Organization


1.

Nigeria

Nigerian Television Authority, NTA


2.

Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation, ZBC


3.

Kenya

Kenya Broadcasting Corporation, KBC


4.

Uganda

Uganda Broadcasting Corporation, UBC


5.

Cameroon (French)

Cameroon Radio Television, CRTV (French)


6.

Cameroon (English)

Cameroon Radio Television, CRTV (English)


7.

Mauritius

Mauritius Broadcasting Corporation, MBC


8.

Benin

Office de Radiodiffusion et Télévision du Bénin, ORTB


9.

Senegal

Radiodiffusion Télévision Sénégalaise, RTS


10.

Guinea Conakry

Radio Télévision Guinéenne, RTG


11.

Comoros

Office de Radio et Télé des Comores, ORTC


12.

Ghana

Ghana Broadcasting Corporation


13.

Zambia

Zambia National Broadcasting Corporation, ZNBC


14.

Burkina Faso

Radiodiffusion Télévision du Burkina, RTB


15.

Niger

Office de la Radio et de la Télévision du Niger, ORTN


16.

Mali

Office de radiodiffusion et de télévision du Mali, ORTM


17.

Madagascar

Télévision Malagasy, TVM


18.

Togo

Télévision Togolaise, TVT


19.

Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone Broadcasting Corporation, SLBC


20.

Malawi

Malawi Broadcasting Corporation, MBC


21.

Malawi

Association of community Radios


22.

Liberia

Liberia Broadcasting System, LBS


23.

Cote d’Ivoire

Radiodiffusion télévision ivoirienne, RTI


24.

Angola

Televisão Pública de Angola, TPA


25.

Rwanda

Rwanda Broadcasting Agency, RBA


26.

Namibia

Namibian Broadcasting Corporation, NBC


27.

Democratic Republic of Congo

Radio Télévision nationale congolaise, RTNC


28.

Mozambique

Televisão de Moçambique, TVM


29.

Chad

Tchad 24


30.

Gabon

Radio Télévision Gabonaise, RTG


31.

Tanzania

Tanzania Broadcasting Corporation, TBC


32.

The Gambia

Gambia Radio & Television Services, GRTS


33.

Botswana

Botswana Television, BTV



Out of these, 22 broadcasting organizations have been engaged in co-productions on floods, drought and early warning systems.

 

The AUB Inaugural Summit on Disaster Risk Reduction & effective Early Warning Systems: African media solutions.

The third key element for effective early warning systems which is the dissemination and communication of accurate and actionable information highlights the role of the media in disaster risk reduction.

It is widely acclaimed that although Africa contributes the least to climate change, it is often hit hardest by climate extremes with little or no support to buffer the impacts. The continent is inundated by extreme weather events including desertification, droughts, floods, biodiversity loss, pollution and conflicts caused mainly by the scramble for diminishing resources and sources of livelihoods.

As agents of mobilization, public education and awareness as well as social transformation, the media in Africa has crucial functions to perform in cascading DRR messages to people, especially in the grassroots to keep them informed about disasters; how to prevent, manage and adapt when the need arises.

 

Objectives of the AUB Summit on Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction

This summit therefore seeks to:

- Make an in-depth examination of the challenges and the strides that are being made in the coverage of DRR in the African media;

- promote the role of the media in Africa in the dissemination of timely information to manage risks associated with disasters, especially those caused by the changing climate;

- Expose media practitioners to learn first-hand of climate action and disaster preparedness Stakeholder’s work;

- Promote the link between broadcasters and Disaster Risk Management Stakeholders;

- Build a network of journalists covering climate change, adaptation and disaster risks issues in Africa.



Download

  • Draft Agenda

Draft Agenda AUB Media Summit on Climate Change 09-04
.pdf
Download PDF • 507KB


  • Concept Note

Concept Note AUB CC SUMMIT F
.pdf
Download PDF • 279KB





















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